World Food Day: Article by Dalia Zoher Hijjo, a Microbiologist, graduated from majoring in Microbiology, from Al-Azhar University – Gaza. She started volunteering 6 years ago in institutions, interested in everything related to health and science, especially microbiology. She believes in the difference of each person from the other, the strength is in the difference, there is no comparison between anyone, also fear is the first way to failure. Just dare, try and do, do not let fear control you and turn your strength into a weakness. The reason for the continued existence of human is due to food, human enjoys the bounties that arose on the earth 4 billion years ago, while the age of human on earth is 200 thousand years, despite the short life of a human on earth, but he has taken possession of all-natural sources of food from a plant or animal. After 180 years of travel, thanks to the improvement of the climate, people settled down and no longer depended on hunting animals as a source of food. Rather, he preferred to live in environments rich in water, fish, animals, and wild plants. Three blessings were combined for him (land, water, life). The human life was short when he lived from misery and poverty to obtain a livelihood today, and education is considered an advantage when prevailing at that time that children are an additional new force to increase the chances of obtaining daily livelihood by participating in the food search to survive. Agriculture came to bring about a great revolution in human life, in their view their lives and the lives of their children became eternal, agriculture was the first of the great wealth that was achieved and developed, as it provided a constant source of food that ended the obsession with death from starvation due to lack of hunting or harvest, and from here began civilization. They became able to know the types of grains and soil and where these grains grow and where they do not grow, and this made it easier for them to increase crops and double production. Although agricultural areas and agricultural production suffice for millions of people, we do not forget that agriculture consumes 70% of the stock of water that people use and that agricultural production carries a percentage of animals, and the areas and population density increase, and this causes a gap. The United Nations and the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) are working on the problem of hunger and food security that many countries of the world face, and are making every effort to achieve technical and economic cooperation between poor and developing countries, and to improve the standard of living and education of rural people. Therefore, I devoted one day of the year to raising and spreading awareness of the problems and solutions that the world is experiencing. Will COVID-19 be the cause of famines? Is it a dearth of human access to food? Is economic recession will prevail in the world? Despite the problems that the countries of the world face in terms of food security, famines, and the emergency plans that are being put in place, the Corona pandemic came unawares, threatening the whole world. The impact of COVID-19 on food, import, export, and agriculture is clear as there has been a complete economic recession in all countries at the beginning of the spread of the virus until plans are put in place to prevent and limit the spread of the disease as much as possible. Shortly after the spread of the virus, countries imposed restrictions on the export and import of basic goods and products to prevent the transmission of disease through commodities and to preserve human life from hunger. In an interview, the leading expert of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations “Sumeter Broca” says that the food supply chain is currently complicated, as the spread of Corona and the tightening of measures to combat it pushes towards the threat of the global food system. The world now has a minimal food supply, and that grain stocks and wheat and other staple crops for this year are good, says Broca. He added, “Although the supply of perishable products such as fruits and vegetables has been negatively affected in light of the pandemic, its effects have not yet appeared.” The livestock sector also faces several difficulties, due to the reduced capacity to feed animals, and the slowdown in transport has negatively affected the supply of fresh food between the producing and consuming countries. Broca notes that sudden increases have occurred in the prices of some major products, “this is linked to supply, demand, stock, and production, but this possibility will apply to meat and perishable products in the short term.” And stresses that “the outbreak of the virus will cause negative effects on agricultural production in developing countries.” How is the response to the Corona risk challenge? This pandemic illustrated how the sustainable development goals and the actions that it carries out for food security and solidarity between countries, how necessary to prevent the occurrence of famines, came to tell the world that union and agreement are strength, so in this pandemic and after that we must work on:
• Under microscope on the affected people (their businesses were disrupted during the pandemic) and they no longer have a source of income.
• Support to manufacturers and small farmers. Promote a healthy diet in daily life to build strong bodies that fight disease.
• Monitoring food prices, and protecting the general public from major traders taking advantage of the pandemic time.
• In countries that are experiencing internal conflicts, it is difficult for food aid to reach them, so work must be done to find solutions to this problem.